Bleeding During Pregnancy
Unlike spotting, real bleeding during pregnancy is a serious issue. Medical attention should be sought if you are bleeding heavily. If the blood is bright red, contains clots, or is accompanied by cramps, it is definitely a sign that something is wrong. It doesn’t matter which trimester you are in. If you are bleeding while you are pregnant, you must find out the cause immediately.
If you are bleeding during your pregnancy, keep these things in mind:
- Always wear a panty liner or pad to keep track of the color and amount of blood loss
- Never insert anything into your vagina, such as a tampon, douche, etc.
- Never have sexual intercourse if you’re bleeding and pregnant
- Contact your healthcare provider immediately
Causes of Bleeding During Pregnancy
Unfortunately, bleeding during pregnancy in most cases is a good indication that something is going terribly wrong. Causes of bleeding include:
- Miscarriage (loss of fetus)
- Ectopic pregnancy (implantation occurs outside of uterus)
- Molar pregnancy (this is rare; it’s the growth of abnormal tissue instead of an embryo)
- Placental abruption (placenta separates from uterus, usually in 3rd trimester)
- Placenta previa (placenta covers part or all of the cervix)
- Preterm labor (when labor happens before the 37th week of pregnancy)
Miscarriages and ectopic pregnancies occur during the first trimester, while molar pregnancies, placental abruption, placenta previa, and preterm labor happen during the second and third trimesters.
Other causes of spotting or bleeding during your first trimester that are considered normal or low risk are:
- Spotting after intercourse
- Losing the mucous plug
- Irritated cervix
Other Symptoms to Watch For
It could be a bad sign if you are bleeding during your pregnancy and you are experiencing other symptoms, such as:
- Back pain
- Pelvic pain
- Abdominal pain
- Vaginal discharge
- Excessive thirst
These other symptoms can accompany bleeding at any point during your pregnancy. But again, it’s very important that you contact your healthcare provider if you are experiencing any sort of bleeding, regardless of whether you’re experiencing other symptoms.
Treatment for Bleeding During Pregnancy
In most cases, bleeding is treatable, but how it will be treated depends on your doctor’s diagnosis. Many doctors strongly insist that an expectant mother should avoid stress during her pregnancy and get enough fluids, rest, and nutrition every day.
As gross as this may sound, it’s important that you track the amount of blood loss by looking at pads or panty liners. Bringing these items with you (yes, used) to your doctor’s appointment can help your doctor diagnose you more quickly.